Hormonal changes usually happen during menopause. Women may stop producing eggs when they reach their late 40s and early 50s. Their monthly periods and fertility also end. Progesterone and estrogen are the main hormones that control the menstrual cycle of a woman. The levels of progesterone and estrogen in the body significantly change during menopause. This causes dramatic emotional and physical changes.
Some of the most common symptoms associated with menopause and lower estrogen levels include vaginal dryness, night sweats, and hot flushes as well as reduced bone density that can lead to osteoporosis and fractures. Other symptoms include stress incontinence or urinary leaking when sneezing or coughing and lower than usual libido or sex drive. Some of these symptoms go away naturally within a few years. Others like vaginal dryness may need treatment as they can worsen if left untreated.
Most of the symptoms related to menopause are caused by loss of estrogen, but it’s dangerous to supplement this hormone on its own because doing so increases the risk of endometrial or uterine cancer. Progestin, a synthetic type of progesterone, is usually used together with estrogen. This process is called HRT or hormone replacement therapy. It’s available in different forms such as gel, patches, tablets, and implants.
Your doctor will give you all the information you need. If your doctor didn’t request this test, you could book a consultation with a GP to ensure proper follow up and management of your condition. Female hormone screening is a simple blood test that involves inserting a needle into a vein and drawing a small amount of blood. Blood is usually drawn on the inner arm near your elbow. You may feel a scratching or prickling sensation during the test.
The requesting doctor will interpret the results. Your doctor will call you to explain the results of the test and the next steps that you should take to manage your condition. In case a different clinic requested the test, the result will be delivered by the clinic through email.
Estrogen dominance pertains to an imbalance in the production of progesterone and estrogen in the body. It can cause endometriosis, severe PMS, fertility issues, premenopausal changes, uterine fibroids, and cysts. You can test for this condition.
Perimenopause pertains to the time leading up to your menopause. It’s when the body’s production of certain hormones starts to decline. Menopause usually occurs around the age of 51, but it can start any time from up to eight years before this.
Women experience more hormone-related problems than men. This is because men have a simpler reproductive system than women. The reproductive hormone levels of males stay pretty constant as its primary role is to produce sperm. The complexity of menstruation and ovulation in women need a more extensive series of hormonal reactions. This means that more problems might occur with the hormonal reactions of females than males.