Syphilis is a bacterial disease caused by Treponema pallidum. As far as the UK is concerned, Syphilis is one of the less common sexually transmitted diseases. But the current trend shows an alarming rise of this disease.
Syphilis has four stages, namely - primary, secondary, tertiary and latent. Symptoms vary between the first of three stages. In the latent stage, you are carrying the infection without any symptoms.
It is also called primary syphilis and symptoms develop 2 to 3 weeks after you are infected.Symptoms include a small ulcer or sore, which is painless and appears on the penis, vagina or the anal region. It can also develop in or around the mouth, on the fingers or buttocks. Several sores may appear together. The lymph glands are also likely to be swollen in the neck, underarms or the groin.
The primary stage lasts about a week and if left untreated, it progresses to the secondary stage. The symptoms include:
This stage develops over several years and can be life-threatening. The symptoms include:
Syphilis cases are usually administered with a short course of antibiotics. The kind of antibiotics depends on how long you have been infected for. However, you must be tested positive before starting the medication.
Unprotected sex (including vaginal, anal or oral) and sharing sex toys or needles are the biggest cause ofbeing infected with Syphilis.
Yes, syphilis cases can be completely cured with the right antibiotics. But it is not possible to reverse any damage that the infection does to your body.
If it is left untreated, it can cause irreversible damage to the heart, brain, and the nervous system before leading to death.