Vaginal infections refer to the conditions that cause an inflammation of the vagina. The bacteria found in the vagina keep it healthy. Healthy vaginal bacteria regulate the vagina’s pH and keep it at a healthy level, around 4.5. It outnumbers bad bacteria that invade the vagina and produces a lubricant that prevents unsolicited bacteria from thriving in the vaginal wall. Healthy vaginal bacteria also produce natural antibiotics to kill bad bacteria. Bacterial infections occur when the balance of bacteria that exists in the vagina is disrupted. Vaginal infections can cause discomfort and unpleasant symptoms. If you notice anything abnormal, see your doctor as soon as possible. The main types of vaginal infection are bacterial vaginosis, thrush, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis (STIs) and vaginitis.
Treatment for vaginal infections depends on its cause. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections. Fungal infections are treated with antifungal tablets and creams. You can also maintain your vaginal health by using pads instead of tampons. Don’t use powders, sprays, deodorants, and other feminine hygiene products.
Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear. Keep your genital area dry and clean. Use unscented soap to clean the genital area. Take a warm bath and dry yourself properly. Avoid spraying water inside the vagina or douching as it removes the healthy bacteria in the vagina.
Call your doctor when your discharge has a noticeable odor or changes color, you notice soreness, swelling, itching or burning outside of or around your vagina. You feel a burning sensation when you pee or you feel uncomfortable during sex.
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At Walk in Clinic, we provide convenient and affordable private gp services to patients. If you are staying, visiting or working in London, then our gp appointments can be conducted in person by walking in at the clinic.